The New Zealand Curriculum identifies five key competencies:
- using language, symbols, and texts
- managing self
- relating to others
- participating and contributing.
People use these competencies to live, learn, work, and contribute as active members of their communities. More complex than skills, the competencies draw also on knowledge, attitudes, and values in ways that lead to action. They are not separate or stand-alone. They are the key to learning in every learning area.